Markaz e Faqr

Sultan ul Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib ur Rehman

Faqr (Sufism) is the soul of Islam. It is the path of nearness to the Allah Almighty. Faqr is not a modern invention but the true spirit of Islam. Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) said: “Faqr is my pride and Faqr is from me and Faqr is the reason of my superiority over all the Prophets and Messengers.” He (pbuh) is the the owner of the Divine trust of Faqr and the Master of the worlds. The centre of Sufism (Markaz e Faqr) exoterically keeps on changing with his (pbuh) permission.

What is Faqr?

Sultan ul Arifeen Sultan Bahoo says:

  • Faqr is exactly the Divine Essence. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
  • Faqr is the knowledge of Divine vision. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
  • All the Prophets entreated Allah for Faqr and to become the followers of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh). This wish did not get approval. Whoever perfectly followed Prophet Mohammad made the Mohammadan Faqr his companion. Neither there is nor there will be any station higher and worth more pride than Faqr. Faqr is the eternal life. (Nur-ul-Huda Kalan)

There is a Hadith:

الْفَقْرُ كَنْزٌ مِنْ كُنُوْزِ اللَّهِ تَعَالٰی

Meaning:’Faqr is one of the treasures of Allah Almighty.’’

Faqr is the only way to get closer to Allah. Only the Perfect Fakirs guides a man on the command of the Holy Prophet (pbuh).

History of Centres of Sufism

Background:

A centre of Sufism (Markaz e Faqr) has been set up in every era by the order and permission of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) to convey this treasure of Faqr to the seekers of Allah. This is happening from the time of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) to the present day. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) was the direct centre of Sufism during his lifetime. The Lady of Paradise Fatimah al-Zahra got the Divine treasure of Faqr from Prophet Mohammad (pbuh). She holds the highest rank of the Sultan of Faqr I.

Ali ibn Abi Talib was the first to make request about the path of Faqr in the Holy court of Prophet Mohamamd (pbuh). Eventually, he became the spiritual leader of the gnosis (ma’rifa) of Allah and the chain of mystic orders of Sufism. Afterwards, this eternal wealth of Faqr of People of Cloak was transferred to Hasan al-Basri. He is the caliph of Ali ibn Abi Talib & ranks at the status of Sultan-ul-Faqr II.

This grace of Faqr reached Mehboob-e-Subhani, Qutb-e-Rabbani, Ghous-e-Samdani Syedna Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani through various Sufi saints. His personality does not need any introduction in the lineage of Sufism & Mysticism. He started preaching and exhortation to spread teachings of Faqr on the order of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). Tens of millions of seekers of Allah got benefitted through his sermons. The most important step he took during the time of illiteracy was the revival of the true spirit of Islam. For reviving the religion of Islam in its true form, he got the title of “Mohiyuddin”, the reviver of Islam. He became the centre of Faqr holds the highest status of Sultan-ul-Faqr III.

Rise of Faqr in Subcontinent & Centres of Sufism

  1. Sultan Bahoo

Mohamamdan Faqr rose to prominence through Sultan ul Arifeen, Burhan ul Wasileen, Master of the worlds Sultan Bahoo in subcontinent. He himself became the centre of Sufism (Faqr). He describes his inner allegiance to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as follows:

  • ‘’I have taken oath of allegiance at the sacred hands of Prophet Mohammad and he has called me his spiritual son. He has allowed and ordered to persuade and guide people on the path of Allah.’’ (Risala Roohi Sharif)
  • Fatimah Bint Mohammad has taken me as her son. Hence, I have reached the ultimate levels of gnosis of Faqr. (Aqal-e-Beydar)

Sultan ul Arifeen Sultan Bahoo wrote 140 precious and unique books on Faqr and mysticism. These books are still beneficial for the seekers of Allah. He is the Sultan-ul-Faqr V. Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) appointed him as the centre of Sufism (Markaz e Faqr) during the 17th century.

  1. Sultan Pir Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah Kazmi al-Mashhadi

The holy shrine of Shahbaz-e-Arifaan Sultan Pir Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah Kazmi al-Mashhadi became the centre of Sufism (Markaz e Faqr) after Sultan ul Arifeen Sultan Bahoo on the order of Prophet Mohamamd (pbuh). Sultan-ul-Auliya Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz and Sultan-ul-Faqr VI Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali used to visit the holy shrine of Sultan Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah Kazmi al-Mashhadi for the blessings of Faqr. They often used to stay there at nights.

Sultan-ul-Auliya Sultan Mohammad Abdul Aziz used to stay at the mausoleum of Sultan Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah Kazmi Al-Mashhadi for 21 nights. Sometimes the duration of stay was for 9 or 5 nights. Sultan-ul-Faqr VI Sultan Muhammad Asghar Ali followed the same practice.

  1. Sayyid Mohammad Abdullah Shah Madani Jilani

When the attention & purpose of humans become worldly desires only, and they turn away from Allah and give priority to wealth and possessions, then even the Sufi saints withhold their special grace and bounty. Sultan-ul-Tarikeen Sayyid Mohammad Abdullah Shah Madani Jilani had closed the blessings from his holy shrine since 1942. He did this due to the love of people for the worldly desires.

Sultan ul Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib ur Rehman is the 31st perfect spiritual guide of Sarwari Qadri Order. He is the spiritual successor of Sultan ul Faqr VI Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali. After the demise of Sultan ul Faqr VI, Sultan ul Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib ur Rehman adorns the throne of Divine guidance and persuasion as the perfect spiritual guide. The centre of Sufism for Sultan ul Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib ur Rehman remained the holy shrine of Sultan Syed Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah Kazmi al-Mashhadi temporarily. Sultan ul Ashiqeen Sultan Mohamamd Najib ur Rehman used to visit his holy shrine with his disciples until 2011. (Sultan ul Ashiqeen)